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冠词之差 意义有别

英语中有不少词组,从形式看好象只有冠词之差,而实际上却是意义完全不同的新词组。现采撷数例,以引起读者的注意:

1. in front of 在……(外)的前面

in the front of 在……(内)的前面

There’s a garden in front of the classroom.

There’s a blackboard in the front of the classroom.

2. in charge of 掌管;负责

in the charge of 在……负责之下

An experienced worker is in charge of the project.

The project is in the charge of an experienced worker.

3. at table 在用饭;吃饭时

at the table 在桌旁

He seldom talks at table.

They sat at the table, talking and laughing.

4. by day 白天;日间

by the day 按日计

He works in an office by day.

Cleaning women in big cities get paid by the day.

5. take place 发生;举行

take the place 代替;接替

When did this conversation take place?

Electric train has now taken the place of steam trains in England.

6. in words 用言语

in a word 总之

Please express your thought in words.

In a word, I don’t trust you.

7. at times 有时;不时

at a time 一次

I do feel a little nervous at times.

Pass me the bricks two at a time.

8. little 少;不多的

a little 一些;一点点

Hurry up, there’s little time left.

Don’t hurry, you still have a little time.

9. few 很少;几乎没有的

a few 有些;几个

He is a man of few words.

Only a few of the children can read.

10.a most interesting 非常有趣的

the most interesting 最有趣的(形容词的最高级)

This is a most interesting story.

This is the most interesting story of the three.

11.a doctor and nurse 一位医生兼护士

a doctor and a nurse 一位医生和一位护士

A doctor and nurse is standing there.

A doctor and a nurse are standing there.

12.A number of 许多;好些

the number of …(的)数目

A number of students are in the classroom.

The number of students in the classroom is forty.


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